Statistically, vascular thrombosis affects 70% of people worldwide. Every year, one out of every 250 people living on Earth dies from this disease – despite the huge number of drugs created to fight this terrible disease. This remedy is sometimes effective against it: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/klexane.
What is thrombosis
Many biological systems are responsible for our body’s vital functions. One of them is hemostasis. The task of hemostasis: to keep blood in a liquid state, to stop bleeding, if the walls of vessels have been damaged, to dissolve clots – blood clots, which, like a patch, close the damaged part of the vessel.
On the one hand, thrombosis protects us from blood loss. On the other hand, it can provoke serious diseases associated with blood flow disorders: stroke, myocardial infarction, ischemia of abdominal and retroperitoneal organs, gangrene of extremities.
Until the middle of the XIX century, thrombosis remained a mystery for doctors. It was solved by Rudolf Virchow, a German pathologist. He studied the mechanisms of thrombosis and identified three main causes:
Deterioration of the vascular walls (this may be a consequence of trauma and surgery)
Slowing of blood flow (blood clots accumulate where the speed of blood flow changes)
Changes in blood viscosity (“thick blood”)
What kinds of thromboses
Thrombosis can be venous or arterial. Venous thrombosis is considered an acute disease, it appears because of a disturbance of the structure of the venous wall during trauma, surgery, radiation or chemotherapy, because of increased blood clotting, because of a slowed rate of blood flow.
Arterial thrombosis is a pathological condition. Patients have atherosclerotic plaques – deposits of cholesterol that narrow the lumen of the artery and provoke a lack of blood flow. Over time, the plaques become thrombosed.
There is also pulmonary embolism (TELA), a deadly disease in which the lumen of a pulmonary artery is partially or completely blocked by a blood clot. Statistically, almost 50% of patients with a massive TELA die within 30 minutes of its occurrence.